Tattoos are permanent because an insoluble ink is injected into the dermis, or middle layer of the skin. This is why they remain visible as the particles of ink are too large to be absorbed by the body. Laser tattoo removal uses different wavelengths of light energy targeted toward the specific pigments in each tattoo’s ink. The energy breaks the ink into tiny particles that the body can absorb. From there, the tiny particles are removed through the body’s natural healing responses.
How exactly does the laser break up the tattoo ink?
Two key processes break up the ink – the pigment in your tattoo will absorb the energy from the laser and shatter apart; also, As a result, the ink acts like sugar cube breaking apart into small granules.
How does the body remove the shattered ink?
Once the ink is broken down by the tattoo removal laser, the body will respond by moving fluid to the area to help flush away the ink. This immune response will be obvious to the patient in the form of some swelling and redness in the area. Over the next days, weeks, and months the small, shattered ink particles will be flushed away naturally. The tattoo removal effects aren’t seen overnight and 99% of tattoos require multiple treatments.